Vote for Vermont
Pat McDonald producer and host of Vote For Vermont and Ben Kinsley, Executive Director of Campaign for Vermont Prosperity co-hosted a show on Independent Contractors. Our guests were Jon Guiffre, owner of Allied Building Contractors, LLC, John Hollar, Esq. from Downs, Rachlin and Martin, and Representative Heidi Scheumann. The following is a summary of our discussion.
The problem stems from the lack of a clear definition of independent contractor and employee. And while this is not a headline grabbing issue, it has an impact on unemployment insurance (UI) and workers compensation (WC), Vermont’s economy, and you - the consumer.
There is a test called the ABC test which the Department of Labor uses to determine the nature of the relationship between an employer and an individual. All three criteria must be met before an individual can be deemed an independent contractor (not an employee). But the ABC test is open to interpretation and does not give the needed clarity. You have probably heard the term “misclassification” which occurs when a business does not classify a job correctly because of the ambiguity that exists. Sometimes if a business misclassifies a job and they are audited, their insurance company could decide there are significant back premiums owed to the UI and WC funds.
Last year the House Commerce Committee unanimously passed H.867 with bipartisan support. But objections were raised by organized labor unions after the bill was voted out of committee. Their objection was they want to see as many individuals as possible classified as employees which would assure UI and WC coverage. In response to the objections of organized labor, the bill was sent back to the committee to work on a compromise. The additional recommendations did not maintain the clarity that the committee members felt they had achieved in the original draft H.867 and an agreement could not be reached.
What are the pros and cons of this issue to individuals and businesses? First there are individuals who like the freedom afforded to them by being an independent contractor. For example, especially in this digital age, there are individuals who like to take on numerous projects from different businesses. They may work from home and have the freedom to manage their workload themselves, make arrangements that meets their individual needs and schedule. An example was given of a woman who worked for a tech company and started her own consulting business so she had more flexibility to stay home with her child. Her intent was to continue working for her former employer and a few other businesses. However because her contracting services were considered “like work” to things that she was doing while she was an employee, they were not able to hire her as a contractor.
These individuals should be able to remain an independent contractor, as long as they understand the liabilities that go along with being independent. If businesses can hire independent contractors, they can better balance and schedule the number of workers they need for a specific project. There is a fear by some that businesses will unfairly coerce individuals to become independent contractors in order to be hired, but businesses always need to have a set number of employees whose hours and work they can monitor and control. Businesses have often said that they just want predictability and the flexibility to meet the needs of their clients and workers. They want a clear and concise definition of “employee” and “independent contractor” to comply with. They don’t like surprises after the fact. Without clear definitions, mistakes are made. If businesses are able to balance their workforce between full time employees and independent contractors on an as-needed basis, associated costs are manageable, competitive, and higher personnel costs are not passed on to the consumer.
In conclusion, all our guests agreed that predictability is the answer to resolving this long-standing problem. Hopefully this issue will be resolved during the 2017-2018 biennium. If you would like to see the show please go to vote802.com for a complete listing of Vote for Vermont shows or our YouTube channel for the shows done in partnership with Campaign for Vermont Prosperity.
Co-producer and Host
Vote for Vermont